What Are The Signs and Symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder?
The list below gives some examples of common types of behaviours in people diagnosed with ASD.
Social communication/interaction behaviours may include:
- Making little or inconsistent eye contact
- Appearing not to look at or listen to people who are talking
- Infrequently sharing interest, emotion, or enjoyment of objects or activities
- Not responding or being slow to respond to one’s name or having difficulties with the back and forth of conversation
- Often, talking at length about a favourite subject without noticing that others are not interested or without giving others a chance to respond.
- Displaying facial expressions, movements, and gestures that do not match what is being said
- Having an unusual tone of voice that may sound sing-song or flat and robot-like
- Having trouble understanding another person’s point of view or being unable to predict or understand other people’s actions
- Difficulties adjusting behaviors to social situations
- Difficulties sharing in imaginative play or in making friends
Restrictive/repetitive behaviours may include:
- Repeating certain behaviours or having unusual behaviours, such as repeating words or phrases (a behaviour called echolalia)
- Having a lasting intense interest in specific topics, such as numbers, details, or facts
- Showing overly focused interests, such as with moving objects or parts of objects
- Becoming upset by slight changes in a routine and having difficulty with transitions
- Being more sensitive or less sensitive than other people to sensory input, such as light, sound, clothing, or temperature
People with ASD may also experience sleep problems and irritability.
People on the autism spectrum also may have many strengths, including:
- Being able to learn things in detail and remember information for long periods of time
- Being strong visual and auditory learners
- Excelling in math, science, music, or art
Your 7-Step Journey with Rainbow Medical
When you contact us from the start, we will offer you a supportive approach for you from our team. Our pathway ensures a structured yet personalised approach to diagnosing Autism. Each step is designed to offer a holistic view of your experiences while also ensuring the utmost care and accuracy in the diagnosis process.
For those looking for a private autism assessment, Step 1 must take place at our Leicester location.
Collaboration with qualified professionals specialising in Autism Spectrum Disorder is imperative throughout this process.
Step 1. Initial Neurodiversity Screening (Part A) and feedback (Part B)
Part A involves a Pre-appointment Questionnaire for completion capturing developmental history, current symptoms, and concerns.
This is followed by Part B which involves an online or in-person appointment to discuss the results of the screening questionnaires and to gather some other.
Relevant information, as:
Personal details: Name, age, contact information, and the primary language spoken.
Medical history: Any previous diagnoses, current medications, or relevant family medical history.
Developmental history: Milestones, early childhood behaviour, school reports, etc.
Current concerns: Specific behaviours or difficulties that prompted the need for evaluation.
At the end of the screening appointment, we will:
Provide immediate feedback, if possible.
Recommend further evaluation or refer specialists for additional assessments (e.g., speech-language pathology, occupational therapy).
Discuss the need for a GP referral if medication is going to be needed.
Discuss whether you should continue with the autism pathway or the ADHD pathway. At some point, we may also have a combined pathway, where you will decide which pathway you would prefer to follow.
If the decision is to continue with the autism pathway, we continue with the next step in the pathway….
Step 2. Childhood and Adult Experience Assessment
Step 2 is an Online Interview between a clinician and someone who knows you well, such as a family member or close friend. This session will focus on discussing your experiences during childhood and as an adult.
Step 3. In-Person Assessment of Strengths and Difficulties
Step 3 is an in-person Appointment (ADOS-2) with a specialist clinician will be scheduled. This appointment explores your strengths, experiences, and difficulties in various domains.
Step 4 Team Analysis
Step 4 is Collaborative Analysis between our team of specialist senior clinicians. This involves analysis of all assessments so far, including the pre-appointment questionnaires.
Step 5 Feedback and Recommendations
Your Step 5 appointment involves our Diagnosis and Feedback. You will have a session in person or online with a clinician to discuss the results from the assessments and the team’s analysis, and it will be based on one of our CQC-approved sites. A formal diagnosis will be given with recommendations tailored to the individual’s needs, including a discussion on the meaning and implications of the diagnosis in the context of your life.
Step 6 Comprehensive Documentation
You will receive a Personalised Written Report Post-analysis. This may include a formal diagnosis, if applicable, and clear recommendations for any necessary support or interventions. With your consent, this report can be shared with other professionals (e.g., therapists and educators) to aid the individual’s care.
Step 7 Post-diagnostic Support
Step 7 involves Follow-up Sessions: We will offer the possibility of follow-up sessions to check on adaptation and address any emerging concerns or challenges. The follow-up sessions may include the following: obsessive-compulsive disorder), neurological disorders (for example, epilepsy)
How Much Does The Private Autism Assessment Cost?
Our 7 Step Process for Autism diagnosis is £2200